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UN Security Council

The UN Security Council is waiting for an interesting time. At least, such a conclusion can be drawn from the stated working agenda for the next month.

In January 2018, the UN Security Council was headed by one of its non-permanent members, the Republic of Kazakhstan. This young, ambitious country has already a powerful credibility in the world, as well as the reputation of a peacekeeper in international conflicts and an uncompromising fighter against terrorism and extremism.

On January 18, the Kazakhstan’s leader, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, intends to visit the United States, meet with his American counterpart Donald Trump and hold in New York thematic debates of the UN High Security Council members on the topic “Non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction: confidence-building measures”.

The Afghanistan’s breakthrough

Of course, the close attention of the representatives of different countries was immediately aroused by the upcoming meeting of Nursultan Nazarbayev and Donald Trump. The head of Kazakhstan will become one of the first foreign leaders with whom, after his election, the head of the White House, who has been in office for almost a year, will meet. At the same time, it is expected that in the near future Nazarbayev will also hold an official meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Confirmation of this information is not yet, but possible prospects allow you to think about it.

The Chairman of the Kazakh Council on Foreign Relations, well-known political scientist Yerlan Karin, speaking in the media, has already described Nazarbayev’s forthcoming visit to the United States as “the most important event”, which is of great importance both for the future prospects of Kazakh-American cooperation and for determining the relationship between Central Asia and the US in the whole and, the role of the United States in this region.

This will undoubtedly be important in the international context, since Kazakhstan has declared itself as an active participant in various international discussions. The last vivid example is the Astana negotiation platform for Syria.

Afghan issue

It is supposed, among other things, that the “Afghan issue” will be a serious topic for discussion of the two leaders. The fact that the White House announced the development in the near future of a new US strategy for Afghanistan, but this document has not yet been voiced. The Afghan strategy is one of the key aspects of US domestic policy, as it is an indicator that will offer this or that leadership, how it will continue to operate, to solve this issue. It is quite obvious that meeting with the Kazakh leader will be of great importance from the point of view of elaborating the American strategy for Afghanistan.

Unfortunately, now the international community has practically withdrawn from the problems of this country. The UN mission records a depressing statistics – the number of civilians killed in Afghanistan in 2017 from armed conflicts reached a record level of almost 18 thousand people. This is the highest figure since the beginning of the war, that is since 2001.

Considering that Kazakhstan is an active regional participant and negotiator in conflict resolution, and also heads the UN Committee on Afghanistan and moderates the discussion of the Afghan issue, its possible proposals can be invaluable.

The Afghan problems in the last two or three years began to fall out of sight, says Karin. – We see that the elections are carried on without end, the number of victims among the population is growing. I think this visit (Nazarbayev – author) will return the Afghan problem. On us (Kazakhstan – author) this also affects, because we are in the same region, neighboring Afghanistan.

Authorities and priorities

One of the first initiatives of the new chairing country was the official flag-setting ceremony for countries elected last year by non-permanent members of the Council – Côte d’Ivoire, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland and Equatorial Guinea. Representatives of many delegations called this event “a bright business card”. It is assumed that such ceremonies will become a new tradition of the organization (this proposal is now under consideration).

Here, on the first working day, the program of the Security Council activity was presented, which was subsequently voiced at a briefing for the UN member states. The topics chosen are the most current – nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, promotion of “green technologies”, solution of humanitarian problems in the zones of military conflicts and resolution of the conflicts themselves.

The UN Security Council will have to analyze the situation around North Korea, Iran, Myanmar, Palestine and Israel, (in particular, the status of Jerusalem) and many other countries. For example, in January, quarterly open debates on the “Situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian Question”, as well as open and closed discussions on the problems of Syria, Libya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, CAR, Darfur, West Africa and the Sahel, Southern Sudan, Mali, Somalia, Cyprus and Colombia. A number of resolutions and statements of the new Security Council chairman are to be adopted.

The priorities of Kazakhstan as a member of the UN Security Council in 2017-2018 are outlined in President Nazarbayev’s political address to the UN Security Council. It is called “Conceptual vision of Kazakhstan on strengthening global partnership for building a safe, just and prosperous world”.

The proposed program was approved and supported by the permanent member countries of the UN Security Council. So, the Permanent Representative of Russia to the United Nations, Vasily Nebenzia, expressed confidence “in the success of the work of the Kazakh delegation in the capacity of Chairman of the Council”. US Ambassador Nikki Haley and other ambassadors of the Council member countries noted the rich and rich program of Kazakhstan, as well as the fact that it focuses on the most pressing world issues and contemporary challenges of the time.

In a word, in the near future, the world community is waiting for heated discussions and discussion of the accumulated problems over the years. The new chairman of the UN Security Council is set for a multi-vector peacekeeping dialogue and does not hide this.

“We believe that today we need to pay more attention to building trust relations between different political leaders, between countries”, Kairat Umarov, the Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan to the United Nations, sums up. “Without this, we believe that it is impossible to solve any problems. And I think that this is what is lacking in the world right now”.

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